Submission Open for IJEER Volume-1, Number-10, October 2018 | Submission Deadline- 10 October, 2018

International Journal For Empirical Education and Research

All Articles

IJEER 1/2

Metabolic Changes in Polyamines, Phenylethylamine, and Arginine during Bud Break in Apple Flower Buds under Foliar-Applied Dormancy-Breaking Agents

*Mohamed A. Seif El-Yazal, Mostafa M. Rady, Samir A. Seif El-Yazal   Page 1-18

The Environmental and climatic conditions affect the flower bud growth, flowering and yield performance of fruit species. Temperature appears to be important factors for temperate fruit trees in mild climates. The relationships between breaking bud dormancy and climatic influences on flowering, growth and metabolic changes in contents of biogenic amines (spermine, spermidine, putrescine, cadaverine and phenylethylamine), arginine and anthocyanin before and after bud break were evaluated for "Ai

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IJEER 1/2

A Feminist Perspective and the Challenge of Post Conflict Development in Africa

DR. Mashood Omotosho, Mariam Adebola Ogunleye   Page 19-36

In the last two decades, Africa has witnessed series of wars and ethno-religious conflicts with devastating impact on women. Various atrocities against women have been recorded during these conflicts and these developments have created a dangerous dimension against non-combatant women in the continent. In an attempt to resolve the conflict and armed conflict on women in the areas of sexual and gender-based violence, series of peace missions and peace building mechanism were put in place. Despite

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IJEER 1/2

Integrative Potassium Humate and Biochar Application Reduces Salinity Effects and Contaminants, and Improves Growth and Yield of Eggplant Grown under Saline Conditions.

*Mostafa M. Rady, Taia A. Abd El-Mageed, Magdi T. Abdelhamid, Mohamed M.M. Abd El-Azeem   Page 37-56

In agriculture sector, soil salinity is one of the major problems that limit plant performance, particularly in arid and semiarid regions, including Egypt. The effect of potassium humate (KH) and casuarina biochar (Bch), applied singly or in integration, on plant performance, physio-biochemical attributes and antioxidant, and contents of contaminants of Solanum melongena plants grown under salt stress (EC = 6.96 – 7.08 dS m?1) was investigated. Results showed that, soil treatment with KH signi

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IJEER 1/2

Foliar-Applied Mineral Oil Enhanced Hormones and Phenols Content and Hastened Breaking Bud Dormancy In “Astrachan” Apple Trees

*Mohamed A. Seif El-Yazal, Mostafa M. Rady, Samir A. Seif El-Yazal   Page 57-74

The effect of mineral oil alone or in combination with Dintro-ortho-cresol (Universal) with different concentrations at early reaching break dormancy in buds of ‘Astrachan’ apple (Malus sylvestris, Mill) trees was investigated. Also, their effects on metabolic changes in the content of buds from promoter and inhibitor substances during their release from dormancy were detected. The efficiency of early bud break was noticed in varying degrees with mineral oil or Universal at different concent

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IJEER 1/2

Biotechnology and Performance of SMEs in Nigeria

* Nasidi A, Inuwa M. G, Shamsuddeen S. A, Musa S.M, Aisha S. N, Bello S.M, Ibrahim M. A   Page 75-83

Nigerian SMEs suffers greatly in terms of struggling for survival. Access to finance is seen as the root of the major constrains including; limited access to water and power supply, good and quality raw-materials as well as modern infrastructures and processing methods. This paper adopts the desk research approach to review the cause and possible solutions and alternatives that can by-pass such constraints. Biotechnology, due to its natural and broad spectrum of application is seen as the potent

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IJEER 1/2

The Argument for the Existence of God: A Philosophical and Theoretical Discussion

Kathryn Collins   Page 84-105

Is there any god? Probably it is a long controversial topic around the world. Your belief in the existence of God has enormous implications on your views of life, humanity, morality, and destiny. In this essay, the existence of God has described logically and philosophically. The criticism or the argument against the existence of God also described briefly, which also made the topic more effective and important towards the goal of this writings. The readers will judge their belief by this essay

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IJEER 1/2

Global Competition and Biotechnology Industry in Nigeria

Makeri M.S., Maigari N.M., Odumishi C., Kallah S.M, &Y.D. Jobbi    Page 105-109

The biotechnology industry is a relatively new and distinct field that involve using living organism to produce desired product. This industry includes firms that develop, manufacture, and market pharmaceutical products, agricultural products, environmental control product, e.t.c. based on advanced biotechnology research. Although the growth in the global biotechnology industry neared double digits the past two years, the threat of entry into the market is

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